Academic Resource Centre

While the MNDEVELOP project is ongoing, we will share results and insights as they emerge. On this page we will share articles and reports for academics.


MNEDEVELOP Birmingham Workshop : 6 April 2022

MNEDEVELOP Sao Paulo Workshop : 3-5 April 2023

Conferences and panel discussions


British Academy of Management (BAM) Annual Conference at the Alliance Manchester Business School, U.K., 31 August – 1 September 2022: Prof Axèle Giroud panel organiser on Multinational Enterprises and Responsible Business”, with Prof. Timothy Devinney, Dr Stefan Zagelmeyer, Dr Asmund Rygh, Dr Matthew Alford and Dr Dimitrija Kalanoski.

European International Business Academy (EIBA) Conference at BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, 8-10 December 2022: Prof Pervez Ghauri participated in two panel discussions: One discussion on “The new realities, SDGs and the global value chain” (chaired by Tiina Ritvala) and another discussion on “Are MNEs contributing towards achievement of SDGs?” (chaired by Shasha Zhao).

European International Business Association (EIBA) annual conference at BI Norwegian Business School, Oslo, 8-10 December 2022: Prof Axèle Giroud was panel organiser on “Multinational Strategies for Inclusive Development”, with Prof Pervez Ghauri, Dr Jorge Carneiro, Dr Amelia Santos-Paulino (UNCTAD, Switzerland), Cruz Bernardo Ivo (Secretary of State, Government of Portugal), Melén Hånell Sara (Mälardalen University, Sweden), Prof A. Saka-Helmout (University of Radbout, the Netherlands), Dr Tolstoy Daniel (Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden).


Academy of International Business (AIB) Latin America and the Caribbean Chapter Conference at Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM), São Paulo, 29-31 March 2023: Dr Jorge Carneiro organised a panel discussion on “MNEDEVELOP Multinationals and disadvantaged communities” with Prof Pervez Ghauri, Maria Tereza Leme Fleury (AIB President), Valeria Michel (Tetra Pak), João Paulo Pacífico (Gaia Group), Maria-Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez (EAFIT University, Colombia).

Academy of International Business (AIB) UK & Ireland Chapter Conference at University of Glasgow, Scotland, 14-15 April 2023: Presented paper on “Multinational Enterprises and disadvantaged communities in emerging markets: A literature Review”.

Consortium for International Marketing and Research (CIMaR) annual conference at University of Fortaleza, Brazil, 21 June 2023: Prof Pervez Ghauri and Dr Jorge Carneiro participated in a panel discussion on “Multinationals and Inclusive Development in Latin America and the Caribbean” with Darline Oliveira (Head of ESG at Diego) and Thays Garcia (Head of Sustainability at M. Dias Branco).


Research seminar at Radboud University, The Netherlands, 12 March 2024: Prof Axèle Giroud delivered a research seminar on “MNEs’ Strategies for Societal Impact: Interaction with Marginalised Communities”.

Research seminar at Amsterdam Business School, The Netherlands, 14 March 2024: Prof Axèle Giroud delivered a research seminar on “MNEs’ Strategies for Societal Impact: Interaction with Marginalised Communities”.

Academy of International Business (AIB) Latin America and the Caribbean Chapter Conference at Mona School of Business & Management, University of the West Indies, Kingston, Jamaica, 20-22 March 2024: Prof Pervez Ghauri and Dr Jorge Carneiro participated in a panel discussion on “Multi-stakeholder action for inclusive development: The Latin America and Caribbean experience” with Blake Widmer (social entrepreneur and co-founder of Deaf Can! coffee), Dr Beverley Morgan (Head of Competitiveness Company – NGO), Sonja Julien-Wells (Corporate Responsibility Leader and Growth, Purpose and Marketing Leader, Deloitte Caribbean and Bermuda), Maria-Alejandra Gonzalez-Perez (EAFIT University, Colombia) and Maria Tereza Leme Fleury (FGV São Paulo School of Business Administration, Brazil).

Project-related publications

Oliveira, R., Cathcart, J., Giroud, A., Carneiro, J., & Ghauri, P. (2024). MNEs and disadvantaged communities in emerging markets: Paths to SDG8. In R. Sinkovics, & O. Kuivalainen (Eds.), International Business and SDG8 – Are we on course? (The Academy of International Business). Palgrave Macmillan.

Relevant publications – team members


Ghauri, P. Elg, U. & Melen, S. (Editors), (2023) Creating Sustainable Competitive Position: Ethical Challenges for International Firms,  Bingley, Emerald.

Ghauri, P., Fu, X., & Vataanen, J. (2018), Multinational Enterprises and Sustainable Development,  London: Emerald.

Hadjikhani, A., Elg, U. & Ghauri, P. (2012), Business, Society and Politics: Multinationals in Emerging Markets, Bingley: Emerald.

Journal articles

Azémar, C. & Giroud, A. (2023). “World Investment Report 2022: International Tax Reforms and Sustainable Development”, Journal of International Business Policy, 6 (2), 235–239.

Azevedo, G., Carneiro, J., Rodriguez, C., & Gonzalez-Perez, M. A. (2020). “Rebalancing society: Learning from the experience of Latin American progressive leaders”, Journal of Business Research, 119: 511-521.

Carneiro, J., Matos, N. & Husted, B. (2015), “Free markets and social inclusion: Toward a common goal”, Journal of Business Research, 68(2), 173-176,

Elg, U. Ghauri, P., Child, J. & Collinson, S. (2017). “MNE micro-foundations and routines for building a legitimate and sustainable position in emerging markets”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 38(9), 1320-1337.

Elg, U., Ghauri, P. & Schaumann, J. (2015), “Internationalization through socio-political relationships: MNEs in India”, Long Range Planning, 48(5), 334 – 345.

Fu, X., Fu, M., Ghauri, P. & Khan, H. (2023), “Tackling Exigent Grand Challenges through Corporate Social Innovation: Evidence from Covid-19 Pandemic”, Journal of Product Innovation Management, 1-21.

Fu, X., Ghauri, P., Ogbonna, N. and Xing, X. (2023), “Platform based business model and entrepreneurs from base of the pyramid”, Technovation119, 102451.

Gentile-Lüdecke, S. & Giroud, A. (2012), “Knowledge transfer from TNCs and upgrading of domestic firms: A study from the Polish automotive sector”, World Development, 40(4), 796–807,

Gentile-Lüdecke Simona and Giroud Axèle (2010), “Does the East learn from the West? How Polish automotive suppliers learn from Western MNEs”, Journal of East-West Business,15 (3&4), 271-294.

Ghauri, P. (2022). “The Role of Multinational Enterprises in Achieving Sustainable Development Goals”, AIB Insights, 22 (1), 1-5. DOI:10.46697/001c.31077

Ghauri, P. & Yamin, M. (2009), “Revisiting the Impact of Multinational Enterprises on Economic Development”, Journal of World Business44(2), 105-107.

Ghauri, P., Fu, X. and Minayora, A. (2022.), “Digital technology-based entrepreneurial pursuit of the marginalised communities”, Journal of International Management, 28(2), p.100948.

Ghauri, P., Tasavori, M. & Zaefarian, R. (2014), “Internationalization of Service Firms Through Corporate Social Entrepreneurship and Networking”, International Marketing Review, 31(6) 576-600.

Giroud, A. (2012), ‘Linkages studies as support for Spillover studies’, The European Journal of Development Research, 24(1), 20-25,

Giroud, A. & Ivarsson, I. (2020), “World Investment report 2020: International Production Beyond the Pandemic”, Journal of International Business Policy3(4).

Giroud, A. & Salguero Huaman, J. (2019), “Investment in Agriculture and Gender Equality: Corporate Strategies and Policies in Developing Countries”, Transnational Corporations26(3), 89-114.

Giroud, A., Jindra, B., & Marek, P. (2012), ‘Heterogeneous FDI in Transition Economies – A novel approach to assess the developmental impact of backward linkages’, World Development, 40(11), 2206-2220.

Jindra, B., Giroud, A., and Scott-Kennel, J. (2009), “Subsidiary roles, vertical linkages and economic development: Lessons from transition economies”, Journal of World Business, 44 (2), 167-179.

Park, B-I., & Ghauri, P. (2013), “Doing right, investing right: socially responsible investing and shareholder activism in the financial sector”, Business Horizon, 56 (6), 703-714.

Park, B-I., & Ghauri, P. (2015), “Determinants influencing CSR practices in small and medium sized MNEs subsidiaries: A stakeholder perspective”, Journal of World Business, 50 (1), 192 – 204.

Rammal, H.G., Rose, E.L., Ghauri, P.N., Jensen, P.D.Ø., Kipping, M., Petersen, B. and Scerri, M. (2022), “Economic nationalism and internationalization of services: Review and research agenda”, Journal of World Business, 57(3), p.101314.

Scott-Kennel, J., Giroud, A. and Saittakari, I. (2022), “MNE Linkages with Local Partners: Do Foreignness and Technological Capability Matter?” Multinational Business Review, 30(4), 573-598.

Tasavori, M., Ghauri, P. & Zaefarian, R. (2016), “Entering the Base of the Pyramid Market in India: A Corporate Social Entrepreneurship Perspective”, International Marketing Review,  33(4), 555-579.

Tasavori, M., Ghauri, P., Zaefarian, R. (2015), “The creation view of opportunities at the base of the pyramid”, Entrepreneurship and Regional Development”, 27(1-2), 106 -126.

Zaefarian, R. Ghauri, P. & Tasavori, M. (2015),  “A Corporate Social Entrepreneurship Approach to Market-Based Poverty Reduction”, Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 51:2, 320-334.

Book chapters

Azevedo-Rezende, L. & Carneiro, J. (2021). Responsabilidade Social Corporativa e os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável: O Papel dos Conselhos [Corporate Social Responsibility and the Sustainable Development Goals: The Role of Boards]. In Yoshida, Consuelo; Vianna, Marcelo & Kishi, Sandra (coords.). Finanças Sustentáveis: ESG, Compliance, Gestão de Riscos e ODS [Sustainable Finance: ESG, Compliance, Risk Management and SDGs]. ABRAMPA, pp. 24-41, ISBN 978-65-991329-2-6.

Elg, U. Ghauri, P. & Melen, S. (2023), “Creating a Sustainable Market Position Through Ethical Behaviour” in Ghauri, Elg & Melen, (editors), Creating a Sustainable Market position: Ethical Challenges for International Firms, Volume 37: 1-10.

Elg, U. Ghauri, P. & Schaumann, J. (2012), “Managing political actors through network partners: Market driving multinationals in emerging markets”, in Hadjikhani, Elg and Ghauri (editors), Business Society and Politics: Multinationals in Emerging Markets, Bingley: Emerald, pp. 133-154.

Giroud A., Bonilla S. & F. Farinelli (Forth 2024) “Government Policies for MNEs’ Sustainable Linkages”. In Gugler P. & Tavares-Lehmann A. T. Handbook on International Business Policy. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Giroud, A., & Hafiz, M. (2010), ‘MNEs’ Linkages in Southeast Asia’, chapter 4, pp. 82-102, in Gugler Philippe and Chaisse Julien (Eds) Competitiveness of the ASEAN Countries: Corporate and Regulatory Drivers. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Ghauri, P. & Cooke, F. (2022), “MNEs and United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals”, in Merchant, H. (editor), The New Frontiers of International Business, St. Petersburg, FL, USA. pp. 329-344.

Ghauri, P. & Wang, F. (2018), “The Impact of Multinational Enterprises on Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction: A Research Framework”, in Ghauri, Fu and Vataanen (editors), Multinational Enterprises and Sustainable Development, Bingley: Emerald, pp. 13-40.

Ghauri, P., Fu, X. & Vataanen, J. (2018), “Multinational Enterprises, Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction: Past, Present and Future, in Ghauri, Fu and Vataanen (Editors), Multinational Enterprises and Sustainable Development, Bingley, Emerald, pp.196-225.

Ghauri, P., Hadjikhani, A. & Elg, U. (2012), “The Three Pillars: Business, State and Society: MNCs in Emerging Markets”, in Hadjikhani, Elg and Ghauri (editors), Business, Society and Politics: Multinationals in Emerging markets, Bingley: Emerald, pp. 3 – 16.

Ghauri, P. Hattani, F. Zhangzhang, Y. Rohfler, S. & Bu, M. (2023), “International Business and the SDGs: Current Issues and Future Directions” in Van Tulder & Verbeke (editors), Progress in international Business Research, Volume 17: 17-30.

Contributions to Reports by International Organisations

UNCTAD (2015) World Investment Report 2015: Reforming International Investment Governance, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN 978-92-1-112891-8

UNCTAD (2014) World Investment Report 2014: Investing in Social Development Goals, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN 978-92-1-112873-4

UNCTAD (2014) Investment by TNCs and Gender: Preliminary Assessment and Way Forward, Geneva, Switzerland. UNCTAD/WEB/DIAE/IA/2014/1

UNCTAD (2013) World Investment Report 2013: Global Value Chains, Investment and Trade for Development, Geneva, Switzerland. ISBN 978-92-1-112868-0

World Bank (2017) The Impact of Larger-Scale Agricultural Investment on local Communities: Updated Voices from the Field, Washington, U.S., with William Speller, Hafiz Mirza, Jacqueline Salguero-Huaman, Grahame Dixie and Asuka Okumura