Who should the West support? Moderate Islamists like Tariq Ramadan or Islamic dissidents like Ayaan Hirsi Ali? In early 2007 the French philosopher Pascal Bruckner caused a controversial debate, when publishing a polemics against an alleged liberal consensus of the West about Islam policy. Following Bruckner’s polemics, a controversial debate was carried out on the internet forums perlentaucher.de and signandsight.com. It marked an important caesura in the debate about multiculturalism and Islam in Europe. The debate has now been published in a book.