Islam in Europe at NYPL

ISLAM IN EUROPE—Insult: Fractured States? is a three-evening symposium on June 9, 10, and 11 that gathers prominent, cross-sector speakers from diverse disciplines and the Muslim diaspora to share country-specific perspectives on Muslim communities’ integration in European society and address related topical issues for citizens of a multi-cultural world.

In five events, ISLAM IN EUROPE sets the context for and explores possible futures for relations between Western societies and their Muslim communities. Participants will examine how European nations and the Muslim diasporas within their borders consider immediate, local issues. At local to global scale, they will set out opportunities for renewed Western cooperation and diplomacy and through scholarly debate, they will articulate new perspectives offering insight into the ideas that shape policy and thought.

Part I, June 9, 7:00 pm
Opening Event: How Did We Get Here?

Part II, June 10, 6:00 pm
Migration Policy, Response and Reaction:
The Status Quo

Part III, June 10, 7:30 pm
Youth: The Future

Part IV, June 11, 5:00 pm
Media

Part V, June 11, 7:00 pm
Conclusions: Where Do We Go From Here?

PART I OPENING EVENT: HOW DID WE GET HERE?

This opening discussion sets the historical framework for the entire symposium and explores how Europe’s socio-economic and political history led to contemporary, post-colonial immigration and integration issues. Participants include Benjamin Barber, political theorist and author of Jihad vs. McWorld; Tahar Ben Jelloun, and Farhan Nizami.

Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge in Europe

In early 2003 Egmont-Royal Institute for International Relations organised a major international conference in Brussels on international terrorism, under the heading ‘Root Causes of International Terrorism’. At that moment the very notion that there existed underlying forces that shaped the context and causes that led to 9/11 looked self-evident to academics, but was still very much a taboo concept in policy circles. Research within the Egmont-Royal Institute for International Relations has since revolved around two questions: first, how exactly the global environment boosts local and regional terrorism, and, second, how does this relate to the radicalisation process, which is occurring within Europe too.

Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge in Europe grew out of a series of public conferences, seminars and informal brainstormings with many stakeholders from diverse horizons involved. It is articulated around these two themes. First, it establishes the state of jihadi terrorism today, almost two decades after it started in the early 1990s. Second, zooming in on Europe, it addresses the issue of radicalisation as the main root cause of potential jihadi terrorism in this part of the world (Rik Coolsaert).

Often dubbed as a ’global threat’, most observers analyze the terrorist threat as a patchwork of self-radicalizing local groups with international contacts but without a central engine or any central organizational design. Jihadi terrorism is composed of one major root cause in an enabling global environment and a multitude of local root causes depending on the countries involved.

Focusing on the situation of jihadi terrorism and radicalization in Europe, this volume looks at the growing tendency of self-radicalization and self-recruitment of individuals. It provides both a precise state of the threat as well as a thorough analysis of the radicalization process. Aimed at an audience of policy makers, academia and think tanks, the volume combines a theoretical approach with novel thinking and ’out of the box’ policy recommendations (Ashgate).

Table of Contents

    Foreword by Gijs de Vries
    Introduction by Rik Coolsaet
    PART ONE: The State of the Threat   

  • Jihadi Terrorism: A Global Assessment of the Threat in the Post al-Qaeda Era by Paul R. Pillar
  • Jihadi Terrorism: Perception and Reality in Perspective by Rik Coolsaet and Teun Van de Voorde
  • ’New’ vs. ’Old’ Terrorism: A Critical Appraisal by Martha Crenshaw
    PART TWO: Jihadi Terrorism Around the World   

  • Logics of Jihadi Violence in North Africa by Hugh Roberts
  • Kinship and Radicalisation Process in Jamaah Islamiyah’s Transnational Terrorist Organisation by Noor Huda Ismail
  • Jihadi Terrorists in Europe and Global Salafi Jihadis by Edwin Bakker
  • The Islamist Networks in Belgium: Between Nationalism and Globalisation by Alain Grignard
    PART THREE: Radicalisation in Western Europe: The Root Causes   

  • Muslims in Europe and the Risk of Radicalism by Jocelyne Cesari
  • Al-Qaeda: A True Global Movement by Olivier Roy
  • Dutch Extremist Islamism: Van Gogh’s Murderer and His Ideas by Rudolph Peters
    PART FOUR: Radicalisation in Western Europe: The Answers   

  • (De-)Escalating Radicalisation: The Debate within Muslim and Immigrant Communities by Tarik Fraihi
  • De-radicalisation and the Role of Police Forces by Glenn Audenaert
  • The EU Response to Radicalisation and Recruitment to Terrorism by Gilles de Kerchove and Ran van Reedt Dortland
    Epilogue: Zeitgeist and (De-)Radicalisation by Rik Coolsaet and Tanguy Struye de Swielande

Citizenship and Immigrant Incorporation, Comparative Perspective on North America and Western Europe

In recent years, scholarly attention has shifted away from debates on ethnicity to focus on issues of migration and citizenship. Inspired, in part, by earlier studies on European guestworker migration, these debates are fed by the new “transnational mobility”, by the immigration of Muslims, by the increasing importance of human rights law, and by the critical attention now paid to women migrants. With respect to citizenship, many discussions address the diverse citizenship regimes. The present volume, together with its predecessor (Bodemann and Yurdakul 2006), addresses these often contentious issues. A common denominator which unites the various contributions is the question of migrant agency, in other words, the ways in which Western societies are not only transforming migrants, but are themselves being transformed by new migrations (Palgrave).

Table of Contents

    Introduction—Y. Michal Bodemann
    PART I: THE CHANGING NATURE OF MIGRATION IN NORTH AMERICA

  • The Changing Nature of Migration in the 21st Century: Implications for Integration Strategies—Aristide Zolberg
  • The Economic Adaptation of Past and Present Immigrants: Lessons from a Comparative-Historical Approach—Ewa Morawska
  • Citizenship and Pluralism: Multiculturalism in a World of Global Migration—Irene Bloemraad
    PART II: DIASPORA, RELIGION AND COUNTER-TRADITIONS

  • Islam and Multicultural Societies: A Transatlantic Comparison—Jocelyne Cesari
  • The Changing Contours of Immigrant Religious Life—Peggy Levitt
  • Crafting an Identity in the Diaspora: Iranian Immigrants in the United States—Valentine M. Moghadam
    PART III: IMMIGRANT WORKERS AND THE NATION-STATE

  • Nation-State Building Projects and the Politics of Transnational Migration: Locating Salvadoran Migrants in Canada, the United States and El Salvador—Patricia Landolt
  • Freedom to Discriminate: National State Sovereignty and Temporary Visa Workers in North America—Nandita Sharma
  • Professionals and Saints: How Post-Soviet Immigrants Do Home-Care Work—Cinzia Solari
    PART IV: IMMIGRANT INTEGRATION INTO SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS

  • ’We Are Together Strong’?: The Unhappy Marriage between Migrant Associations and Trade Unions in Germany—Gökçe Yurdakul
  • Liberal Values and Illiberal Cultures: The Question of Sharia Tribunals in Ontario—Donald Forbes