Former President Clinton Says Cartoon Protests Have Wasted an Opportunity

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan (AP) – Bill Clinton says he thinks Muslims have “squandered” an opportunity to build bridges to the West. The former president today denounced the violent protests that have rocked the Muslim world in recent weeks. The cartoons depicting Muhammad were first published in Denmark last fall but have since sparked destructive riots, including protests aimed at the U-S. Clinton commented during a visit to Pakistan, one of the countries rocked by violence.

Denmark: Pakistani, Danish Diplomaitc ties Collapse over Cartoons

Pakistan’s ambassador to Denmark has been called back to Islamabad “for consultations” amid a continuing row over cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad, the foreign office said on Friday. The move comes shortly after officials said that Denmark, where the drawings were first published in September, had temporarily closed its embassy in Islamabad.

Italian Minister to Wear Muslim Cartoon T-Shirt

A prominent Italian government figure planned on Wednesday to wear a T-shirt sporting cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad that have sparked violent reactions from Muslims around the world. Reforms Minister Roberto Calderoli denied that the T-shirts are meant to provoke, but said there is no point in promoting dialogue with Muslim extremists.

Iranian Soccer Team Joins Muhammad

How to defuse cartoon-related violence? Definitely not by publishing more offensive cartoons. The German embassy in Tehran came under attack on Tuesday after a German paper did just that. And in Pakistan, a protest got out of control. Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen has been no stranger to the media in recent weeks. Given the uproar over the caricatures of the Prophet Muhammad published first in the Danish daily Jyllands-Posten and then reprinted in papers across Europe, Rasmussen’s mission of late has been damage control — trying to tamp out the embers of flared tempers on both sides of the debate. How hard has it been? On Tuesday, Rasmussen said that the cartoon-related violence has been the small Scandinavian country’s most difficult foreign policy challenge since World War II. As for defusing the ongoing crisis, Rasmussen told reporters that it would be a “very difficult task.” Indeed. On Tuesday, violence related to the Muhammad cartoons flared once again. In Pakistan, over 1,000 demonstrators stormed into the diplomatic district in the country’s capital Islamabad. A separate mob of protesters in the eastern city of Lahore targeted Western businesses, damaging a Holiday Inn hotel as well as Pizza Hut, KFC and McDonald’s fast food outlets. Some 200 cars were likewise attacked in addition to dozens of shops and a portrait of Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf. Two protesters were killed by security guards in Islamabad when they tried to force their way into a bank, according to the Pakistani interior minister. Police were able to halt the demonstrators before they damaged any of the embassies within the compound, but protesters gathered outside burned tires and broke street lamps while shouting “Death to America.” “We have come to the doors of the embassies to take our voice to the ambassadors,” said hard-line cleric Hafiz Hussain Ahmad, who led a group of lawmakers to protest before the gate leading to the embassy compound. “There is anger in the Islamic world. If they do not listen, their problems will increase,” he told the Associated Press. It was the first time that cartoon protests in Pakistan — which have been going on for over a week — had become so violent. In Iraq, the Basra provincial council on Tuesday demanded that Denmark withdraw its 530 troops from southern Iraq until the Danish government apologizes for the publishing of the cartoons. Denmark denied the request with Danish Defense Minister Soeren Gade telling reporters that Denmark would “certainly not” meet Basra’s demands. “Our foreign policy is not being decided by the provincial council in Basra,” Gade said. European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso on Tuesday defended Denmark, saying in an interview with Jyllands-Posten that freedom of speech is a “fundamental value” in the European Union and that “it’s better to publish too much than not to have freedom.” It was the first time Barroso had commented on the brouhaha. Additional violent protests were seen in Iran on Tuesday as dozens of Iranian students attacked the German Embassy in Tehran with Molotov cocktails. While German facilities had emerged largely unscathed by cartoon-related protests so far, the publishing last Friday of a caricature depicting the Iranian national soccer team as suicide bombers in the Berlin daily Der Tagesspiegel has nerves raw once again. “Germany, you are Fascists and the willful servants of Zionism,” the students chanted. The cartoonist responsible for the caricature, Klaus Stuttmann, has received a number of death threats since Friday and has moved out of his Berlin apartment for safety reasons. The Iranian Embassy has sent the paper a letter of protest calling the cartoon “tactless” and demanded an apology. The paper has said the cartoon was misinterpreted and that it is protected by the freedom of the press. In an effort to show its impartiality on the issue of cartoon insults, Iran on Tuesday officially protested the publishing of Jesus Christ and Virgin Mary caricatures by a newspaper in Azerbaijan. The Iranian Embassy condemned the sketches as “rude and immoral.” Iran itself, meanwhile, has become the target of complaint. The Central Council of Sinti and Roma in Germany has sent a letter to the Iranian Ambassador in Germany complaining of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s statements that the Holocaust is a “fairy tale.” “The government in Tehran must respect these historical facts if it wants to become part of the international community,” read a letter sent to the embassy. Between 250,000 and a half-million Gypsies were murdered by the Nazis during the Holocaust.

Protests Over Cartoons In Pakistan Turn Deadly

LAHORE, Pakistan – Thousands of protesters rampaged through two cities Tuesday, storming into a diplomatic district and torching Western businesses and a provincial assembly in Pakistan’s worst violence against the Prophet Muhammad drawings, officials said. At least two people were killed and 11 injured. Security forces fired into the air as they struggled to contain the unrest in the eastern city of Lahore, where protesters burned down four buildings housing a hotel, two banks, a KFC restaurant and the office of a Norwegian cell phone company, Telenor. U.S. and British embassy staffers were confined to their compounds until police dispersed the protesters, some of whom chanted, “Death to America!” Witnesses said rioters also damaged more than 200 cars, dozens of shops and a large portrait of President Gen. Pervez Musharraf. Vandals broke the windows of a Holiday Inn, Pizza Hut and McDonald’s. Two movie theaters were torched, and clouds of tear gas and black smoke from burning vehicles outside Citibank and Metropolitan Bank branches drifted through streets in the city center. A security guard shot and killed two protesters trying to force their way into a bank, Interior Minister Aftab Khan Sherpao said, adding that paramilitary forces were deployed to restore order. Mohammed Tariq, a doctor at the state-run Mayo Hospital, said three people were being treated for serious bullet wounds, and eight more suffered injuries during clashes with police. The protest was organized by a little-known religious group supported by local trade associations and one of the main Islamic schools in the city. Intelligence officials, however, suspected that members of outlawed Islamic radical groups may have incited the violence. Raja Mohammed Basharat, law minister for Punjab province, of which Lahore is the capital, said the organizers promised Monday that the demonstration would be peaceful. No one has been arrested for the violence, but those responsible would be punished, he said. The unrest began Tuesday in the nation’s capital, Islamabad, about 180 miles northwest of Lahore, when between 1,000 and 1,500 people, mostly students, marched into a fenced-off diplomatic enclave through the main gate, as about a dozen police looked on. The stick-wielding crowd charged about a half-mile down the road to the British High Commission, or embassy, where the students rallied briefly until police fired tear gas. Outside the enclave, protesters smashed street lights and burned tires while chanting “Death to America!” and other slogans. Police rounded up about 50 protesters and put them in pickup trucks. Another protest in Islamabad drew about 4,000 people. Separately, about 50 lawmakers from religious and moderate parties marched from Parliament to the diplomatic enclave, where they stood silently for five minutes before dispersing. Hard-line cleric Hafiz Hussain Ahmad, senior leader of an opposition coalition of six religious parties, said, “We have come to the doors of the embassies to take our voice to the ambassadors. There is anger in the Islamic world. If they do not listen, their problems will increase.” People in this conservative Muslim nation have been enraged by the publications of the drawings, which first appeared in a Danish newspaper in September. Papers in other countries, mostly Europe but including some in the United States, reprinted them. One of the caricatures depicts Muhammad wearing a turban shaped as a bomb with an ignited detonator string. Islam widely holds that representations of Muhammad are banned for fear they could lead to idolatry. In Copenhagen, Denmark, Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen said the uproar posed the biggest foreign policy challenge to his nation since World War II. Fogh Rasmussen said it would take time to defuse the crisis, which he called “a very considerable task.” “We don’t see the solution around the corner,” he said. “We find ourselves in the biggest foreign policy challenge Denmark has faced since World War II.” The Danish government has said it cannot apologize for the actions of an independent newspaper. A Danish Muslim leader said his group would accept part of the blame for the international protests, but he insisted the group took its complaints to the Middle East because Denmark’s government would not listen. Ahmad Akkari, 28, told The Associated Press his network was willing to accept one-third of the responsibility for the firestorm, if the government and the Danish paper that first published the drawings shared the rest. “Let’s say we bear one-third of the responsibility. Could the other two parts not take their responsibility?” Akkari said in an interview at a mosque in northern Copenhagen. There have been a series of mostly peaceful protests across Pakistan against the cartoons, and last week Parliament adopted resolutions condemning the drawing. Lawmakers also called for a nationwide strike on March 3. But Aitzaz Ahsan, a lawmaker with the opposition Pakistan Peoples Party, said he will propose that the government call off the March 3 protest strike because of the prospect of further violence. “It’s really gotten out of hand,” Ahsan said. “The violence is spiraling out of control.”

Kenya: Police Fire On Cartoon Rally; One Wounded In Nairobi As Protest Continues Around The World

By Guled Mohamed Nairobi — Kenyan police shot at hundreds of people demonstrating against cartoons of Muhammad, wounding at least one, as protests across the Muslim world showed no sign of abating. Police in Bangladesh beat back about 10,000 people marching on the Danish embassy in Dhaka. Demonstrators also took to the streets in the Middle East, Asia, Africa and, for the first time, Latin America. The Palestinian militant group Islamic Jihad threatened more violence. A leading Saudi Muslim cleric called for no mercy in punishing anyone mocking the prophet. “So far we have demanded an apology from the governments. But if they continue their assault on our dear prophet Muhammad, we will burn the ground underneath their feet,” Islamic Jihad leader Khader Habib said. At least 11 people have been killed this year in protests over the cartoons, one of which showed Muhammad wearing a bomb-shaped turban. They were first published in Denmark and then in other European countries and elsewhere. Muslims consider any portrayal of the prophet blasphemous. European Union External Relations Commissioner Benita Ferrero-Waldner said religious sensitivities and freedom of speech had to be respected but the violent reaction was unjustified. With tensions high and the cartoons appearing in more newspapers around the world, some tried to calm believers. The imam at the heart of the row appeared to backtrack, saying Denmark was a tolerant country. “As a Muslim, I am heavily indebted to this country,” Imam Abu Laban said. In Indonesia, police questioned an editor after his tabloid, Peta, published a caricature of Muhammad. And Malaysia banned circulating or possessing cartoons of the prophet.

Denmark: Angry Muslims Burn Danish Flag; Leaders Urge Restraint

MUSLIM leaders urged restraint as hundreds of angry Muslims burned a mock Danish flag outside a mosque in Quiapo yesterday to denounce controversial cartoons of the prophet Muhammad first published in a Danish newspaper. The protesters, chanting Allah Akbar! (God is great!), demanded an apology from the prime minister of Denmark, where the caricature of the prophet, including one showing him with a bomb in his turban, was first published by a newspaper last September. They also demanded that President Macapagal-Arroyo and the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines condemn the caricatures. The cartoons, which have been widely reprinted in Europe, have sparked international condemnation and violence in Muslim countries. We are not afraid of the United States or Europe, said an angry Jamil Hiyahyah, grand imam of the Islamic Center in Quiapo. We will go to war to defend Islam if needed, he said. Muslim Peace and Order Council, said the caricatures assauted Muslims’ honor and dignity. The portrayal of Muhammad through different images and caricatures is not allowed in Islam, he said, adding that the Muslims would gladly go to war and die if the Danish government failed to take responsibility. Muslim groups are planning a series of protest actions next week, including a picket in front of the Danish embassy in Makati on Monday. Ambiong said some Muslims have threatened to torch the embassy, [but] while we are really angry at what happened, we assure the public that Monday’s rally will be peaceful. Earlier this week, police ordered a stepped-up security around the building housing the Danish embassy. Other Muslim leaders, however, called on fellow Muslims to show tolerance and moderation in their protests. Mocking others, irrespective of religious affiliation, is provoking people to nurture hatred, said Taha Basman, president of the Philippine Islamic Council. But we urge Muslims to exercise restraint and sobriety, he added. A scholar of the Koran, Ustadz Muhammad Sulaiman, pointed out that Muhammad himself never reacted violently to even tougher insults. He recalled how the Makkans, who defied Muhammad, once stoned him so badly that he ended up with bloodied legs. The Archangel Gabriel reportedly asked him what punishment he wanted for the attackers. He said, let there be none, but let they be guided to the truth, Sulaiman said. But Sulaiman, a graduate of Luga (the language of the Koran) at the state-run King Saud University) in Saudi Arabia, pointed out that it was not correct to depict the prophet in any manner. Datu Zamzamin Ampatuan, chair of the National Anti-Poverty Commission, said that if Muhammad were alive today, he would have taught extremists and moderates how to be better Muslims instead of violently reacting to an artist’s creation inspired by his own impression of today’s Muslims. Ampatuan said a major attempt at downgrading the prophet had also come from 7th-century Muslims who killed his grandson and some of his followers. The killing of his grandson and his companions, and the subsequent denial (by some Muslims) that it happened, was the most painful and long-lasting insult on him, Ampatuan said. Ali Tillah, chair of the Bangsamoro National Congress, called for sobriety, appealing to Muslims to be more understanding, saying their grievances can be resolved in a legal and peaceful manner. But he said Denmark should issue an apology because it tolerated the newspaper’s act, as it would help us pacify our Muslim brothers here. Freedom of the press cannot trample upon the higher freedom of religion. Apologies are required, the Ulama forum, a group of Muslim scholars, said in a resolution. Tillah also urged the President and the CBCP to weigh in on the issue. Are we just going to wait if something will happen in our country before we take action? he said. Based on the 2000 census, there are 3.9 Muslims, about 5 percent of the population, in the Philippines which with East Timor, is one of only two predominantly Christian nations in Asia. Ren Jallaludin Ropeta, deputy chair of the Moro-Christian Peoples’ Alliance, while denouncing the caricatures as blasphemous, called on our Muslim brothers and sisters to consider the present dilemma with an open mind.

Legoland Is Burning

By Anna Reimann in Copenhagen While Danish flags are being burned and embassies attacked in Islamic countries, Muslim immigrants and Danes are coming closer together. Following the intense international scrutiny over Muhammad caricature affair, many are hoping to send the world a message of peace. Many people in Copenhagen find it difficult to understand why their small country has suddenly become the center of global attention. “I would never have imagined that this would create such an uproar. The Mohammad cartoons are now the only topic of conversation, even in Denmark,” says 50-year-old Knut M. as he stands at a sausage stand in Copenhagen, rubbing his hands together in the cold. It’s raining in the Danish capital and the wind howls through the narrow streets in the neighborhood near Copenhagen’s main train station. The TV images flickering behind the windows of apartment buildings show Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the building housing the editorial offices of Jyllands-Posten and scenes of angry Muslims in Afghanistan. On a newspaper stand in front of a kiosk, the cover of B.T. paper depicts a young girl asking her father: “Why do the Muslims hate us so much?” The Danes are afraid, writes the paper, afraid of attacks and afraid of war. Until now, this small Scandinavian kingdom in northern Europe enjoyed a tranquil, happy and untroubled existence. Lego used to be the country’s biggest claim to international fame, but Legoland has apparently burned down. In the Islamic world, the response to the cartoons printed in Jyllands-Posten depicting Muhammad might have been blown out of proportion, but they have been interpreted as a general assault on the honor of Islam. People in Copenhagen, however, are speechless over the reactions they have triggered worldwide. Arab shops line Vesterbrogade, a main street in downtown Copenhagen. Muhammad, who, like many of the foreigners here, prefers not to give his surname, runs a travel agency specializing in travel to North Africa and the Middle East. “Denmark has never experienced anything like this,” he says. Wearing a long black coat, he sits in front of a wall of travel brochures. “The whole thing makes me very uncomfortable. Why should they ruin everything? We’re such a peaceful country,” he says. For Muhammad, “they” are both the people who deliberately offend religious sensibilities and those who resort to violence, attacking Danish embassies and burning flags. “It hurts me,” he says. He might as well take down the light blue flyers in his window advertising tours to Damascus and Beirut, he says. He’s hardly sold a ticket in days. “I’m just waiting for all the excitement to blow over.” Tired of the dispute Denmark, a small country of only 5.3 million inhabitants, has been the center of global attention for the past two weeks. But many Danes are weary of the debate over the cartoons. After all, they say, Jyllands-Posten, Denmark’s largest-circulation newspaper, published the now-scandalous cartoons back in September 2005. Mefid, a 22-year-old taxi driver with a shaved head, doesn’t want to talk about the cartoons anymore. “You know, here in Denmark we’ve been talking about this for almost half a year now. Up and down, back and forth. And now, all of the sudden, the rest of the world has noticed us,” says Mefid, whose parents are Palestinian immigrants. Mefid has harsh words for the violence in Syria, Lebanon, Gaza and Afghanistan. What’s happening there, he says, is a disgrace. “I apologize for the radical Muslims,” he says. Then, after a brief pause, he adds: “No one has the right to do these things.” Ali, whose family emigrated to Denmark from Afghanistan, is also ashamed of the fact that Danish interests are being attacked, flags burned and foreigners in Arab countries threatened, all in the name of his religion. He sits, smoking, with a Danish friend on a bench in front of a shopping center and says: “I’m shocked by the images.” His friend nods. Nevertheless, Ali, like many other residents of Copenhagen, believes that Jyllands-Posten printed the cartoons “because they wanted to provoke.” “Why else wouldn’t Jyllands-Posten have printed the Jesus cartoon?” asks Mikkel Velstrup, sitting with friends in a Copenhagen caf_. He’s referring to a series of cartoons depicting Jesus that an illustrator offered the paper in 2003, but that an editor rejected on the grounds that readers probably wouldn’t like them. “Something isn’t quite right there,” says Mikkel Velstrup. But, he adds, he has also noticed that people have been especially courteous to one another in Denmark lately — Pakistanis, Turks, Afghans and Danes — Christians and Muslims. “They were all lies” “It was tasteless, the fact that the papers printed them,” says Muhammad, the man from the travel agency. “Especially these days, when the populist, right-wing People’s Party is so strong and is already trying to stir up bad feelings about Muslims.” Knut M. also hopes that the affair doesn’t produce the wrong impression about Danish Muslims. “After all,” he says, “most Muslims who live here are very moderate.” He has absolutely no sympathy for people like Ahmed Akkari, an imam in the central Danish city of Aarhus, who has only added to the controversy over the cartoons. “He traveled to the Middle East and showed people the wrong cartoons, cartoons that were far worse. They were all lies,” explains Knut M. But there aren’t many of “those kinds of Muslims” in Copenhagen, he adds. But Knut M. is convinced that in Denmark, at least, the cartoon affair could have a positive outcome once all the excitement subsides: “Perhaps we’ll talk with one another more — immigrants and Danes.” He disapproves of the fact that Prime Minister Fogh Rasmussen long refused to meet with ambassadors from Muslim countries. “I don’t want to question freedom of the press, but when the feelings of a religious community are hurt, we have to talk to one another and communicate,” he said. Knut M. believes that the recent demonstration against violence and in favor of dialogue on the square in front of Copenhagen’s city hall shows that the only thing everyone here wants is peace. “And just a bit of normality once again.”

Sarawak Tribune Suspended After Running Prohpet Muhammad Cartoons

Kuala Lumpur — Malaysia will suspend the publishing licence of a daily newspaper after it printed the cartoons of the Prophet Muhammad that have enraged Muslims worldwide, news agency Bernama reported yesterday. Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi ordered the licence of the publisher of the Sarawak Tribune to be suspended indefinitely with immediate effect. The publisher was not immediately available for comment. The paper ran the caricatures last weekend to illustrate a story on its inside pages about the global fury in what it called an “oversight” by a non-Muslim night editor. The incident embarrassed the mainly Muslim country’s government, which is headed by an Islamic scholar who chairs the world’s largest grouping of Islamic nations, the Organisation of the Islamic Conference. “Cabinet members…unanimously agreed with Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi that the reproduction of the offensive cartoons was a serious offence which demanded stern action from the government,” the New Straits Times newspaper said. The suspension is pending the outcome of an investigation by the Internal Security Ministry, the newspaper said. Tens of thousands of Muslims have demonstrated in the Middle East, Asia and Africa over the cartoons, first published in Denmark, then other countries in Europe and elsewhere. One caricature showed the Prophet Muhammad wearing a bomb-shaped turban. Many Muslims consider any portrayal of their Prophet as blasphemous, let alone one showing him as a terrorist. The Sarawak Tribune is published in the eastern state of Sarawak on the jungle-clad island of Borneo. It is one of the few Malaysian states where Muslims are in a minority.

Denmark: Rage Over Cartoons Perplexes Denmark; Reaction To Drawings Of Muhammad Forces The Nation To Examine Its Self-Image Of Tolerance.

By Jeffrey Fleishman COPENHAGEN – This diminutive nation with an offbeat sense of humor and a strong self-image of cultural tolerance is not accustomed to having its flag burned, embassies stormed and coat of arms pelted with eggs. But Denmark has become a target for the Muslim world’s outrage at cartoons lampooning the prophet Muhammad. The scope and intensity of the violence ignited by the caricatures, first printed in September by the country’s right-leaning Jyllands-Posten newspaper and reprinted more recently in other Western publications, have left this country bewildered. “A lot of Danes have problems understanding what is going on and why people in those countries reacted this way,” said Morton Rixen, a philosophy student, looking out his window at a city awhirl in angst and snow. “We’re used to seeing American flags and pictures of George Bush being burned, but we’ve always seen ourselves as a more tolerant nation. We’re in shock to now be in the center of this.” On Wednesday, four people were killed and at least 20 wounded in a fresh round of protests in southern Afghanistan, and demonstrators in the West Bank city of Hebron attacked the offices of international observers, forcing their evacuation. President Bush spoke out about the protest for the first time, saying, “We reject violence as a way to express discontent with what may be printed in a free press.” Danes suspect that the furor over the cartoons has been co-opted by the wider anti-Western agenda of Middle East extremism. Yet they believe the media images of fury over the drawings have cracked the veneer of their nation and exacerbated a debate about immigration, freedom of expression, religious tolerance and a vaunted perception of racial harmony often disputed by immigrants. Denmark is a small portrait of Europe’s struggle to integrate a Muslim population that has doubled since the late-1980s and dotted the continent with head scarves and back-alley mosques. The cartoons were sketched in an atmosphere of rising Muslim discontent, a surge in strength for the anti-immigration Danish People’s Party, a commitment to keeping Danish troops in Iraq and the arrests here of suspected militants with reported ties to Al Qaeda. Some worry that anti-immigrant political parties are exploiting the burning of Danish embassies in Lebanon, Syria and Iran to promote a xenophobic agenda. “Racism is suddenly popping up in this country,” said Merete Ronnow, a nurse who worked in Danish relief efforts in Lebanon and Afghanistan. “I’m stunned by this. It’s like now Danes can express exactly what they feel. My colleagues are saying, ‘Look, this is how a Muslim acts. This is what a Muslim does.’ ” Recent polls reveal a country of torn emotions and doubt. The Danish People’s Party has gained 3 percentage points, but so has its nemesis, the Radical Left Party. A newspaper headline this week blamed President Bush and British Prime Minister Tony Blair for not supporting Denmark through the ordeal. And nearly 80% of Danes believe a terrorist attack looms. “I don’t know what to do. It’s amazing to see the Danish flag being burned,” said Michael Hansen, an engineer. “It’s not fear, it’s more anxiety. There have been terror attacks in the U.S., Spain and in Britain. We are the logical fourth. If they forgot about us, they’ve remembered now.” Hansen’s roommate, Martin Yhlen, said: “The whole cartoon thing was a ridiculous provocation. The newspaper knew before they published it that people would be extremely upset. You do have freedom of speech, but with that comes a moral obligation. It doesn’t benefit integration in Europe. It widens the divide.” Even Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen seems baffled. “We’re seeing ourselves characterized as intolerant people or as enemies of Islam as a religion. That picture is false,” he said Tuesday during a news conference. “We’re facing a growing global crisis that has the potential to escalate beyond the control of governments and other authorities,” he said. “Extremists and radicals who seek a clash of cultures are spreading it.” […]