Italy’s Interior minister has approved the creation of an advisory council to improve communication between the government and the Muslim community, the ministry announced. The body will respond directly to the Interior Ministry, and will be responsible for counselling the government on facilitating the integration of Muslims in Italy. Its members will be representatives from Italy’s Muslim community and academics appointed by the ministry, officials said on Saturday. “They will express opinions, and formulate proposals on questions indicated by the ministry,” Minister Giuseppe Pisanu was quoted as saying by the ANSA news agency. Representatives of the Muslim community in Italy welcomed the proposals. Italian Islam? “It is a good start, in the hope that it will contribute to the objective of creating an Italian Islam,” Mario Scialoja, the president of the Muslim World League in Italy, told ANSA. Italy has been on a heightened state of alert since the July bombings on London’s Underground. A recent report by Italy’s Executive Committee of Information and Security Services found that North African communities in northern Italy are likely to be targeted – mostly Tunisians and Moroccans living in the northern regions of Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia Romagna. The Italian government this summer approved reforms to fight terrorism, and this week it expelled two men of North African descent on charges that they posed a “danger” to public safety.
THE HAGUE, Netherlands – The Dutch government passed a new terrorism bill Friday, granting law-enforcement authorities far-reaching powers of investigation and allowing them to hold suspects for up to two weeks without charges. Intelligence agents will be able to use currently banned techniques such as infiltrating terror cells for undercover operations and telephone taps, a Justice Ministry statement said. They will also be allowed to use entrapment tactics, such as bogus sales transactions. The law must be approved by parliament. “There also will be more possibilities to gather information, detain suspects and conduct preventive public searches,” it said. “The events in Amsterdam and The Hague have made clear that wider powers to prevent terrorism are desirable.” The ministry was referring to the Nov. 2 killing of Dutch filmmaker Theo van Gogh, whose throat was slit allegedly by a young Muslim radical who associated with a suspected terrorist cell. In The Hague a few days after the murder, terrorist suspects wounded several policemen during a botched arrest attempt. Two young men holed up in a residential neighborhood for a day before surrendering. The new law also lowers the level of proof needed to hold a suspect believed to be plotting terrorist activity, said Justice Ministry spokesman Wibbe Alkema. The problem in the past, Alkema said, has been insufficient grounds to detain someone who could be preparing an attack. If the law is passed, authorities will have more time – up to two weeks – to build a case and bring charges. “In the initial stage of custody, there will no longer need to be serious suspicion, but only a reasonable doubt,” he said. “That could be someone who is believed to be involved with a network that has been under observation for some time.” One such case is that of Samir Azzouz, an 18-year-old Dutch Muslim on trial for allegedly plotting bombings of prominent Dutch landmarks. Prosecutors will be able to approve the use of spot searches of people and cars in public places that could be potential targets, such as an airport or a sports stadium, if there is suspicion of an attack plot.
Islamic preachers and other spiritual leaders from abroad could soon have to take courses to help them integrate better into Swiss society. The government proposal comes at a time of growing public debate about the role of Muslims in a multicultural society such as Switzerland’s. The justice ministry is planning to submit the plan to the cabinet within the next few weeks, according to the Federal Office of Immigration, Integration and Emigration (IMES).
They join two girls expelled on Tuesday – one of whom told a French newspaper it had destroyed her life. The expulsions came as the education ministry gave schools the go-ahead to begin proceedings against 72 students who have refused to obey the law.