The questions yet to be effectively answered by the United Nations and the governments of Spain and Morocco – what to do with the Western Sahara? To whom does this problem concern, encrusted in the Spanish Foreign Affairs? Will there be any political space to discuss it in the Spanish Congress? Will the UN ever be able to solve the situation?
It would have been unlike Samuel P. Huntington to say “I told you so” after 9/11. He is too austere and serious a man, with a legendary career as arguably the most influential and original political scientist of the last half century – always swimming against the current of prevailing opinion.
In the 1990s, first in an article in the magazine Foreign Affairs, then in a book published in 1996 under the title “The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order,” he had come forth with a thesis that ran counter to the zeitgeist of the era and its euphoria about globalization and a “borderless” world. After the cold war, he wrote, there would be a “clash of civilizations.” Soil and blood and cultural loyalties would claim, and define, the world of states.
At every stage of the visit of French Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dominique De Villepin, to each of Abu Dhabi, Muscat, Kuwait, Qatar and Bahrain, the question about the law France is intending to adopt in order to ban the religious symbols, including headscarves in schools and the workplace was raised. Some people in the region considered that such a law is a violation of individual freedoms in the country of democracy, which is based on three sacred pillars: freedom, equality and fraternity.