La Grande Mosquée de Paris veut faire du procès contre « Charlie Hebdo »un cas d’école

La Justice peut-elle garantir la ” d_fense de la dignit_ du culte musulman ” ? Le pr_sident du Conseil fran_ais du culte musulman (CFCM), _galement recteur de la Grande Mosqu_e de Paris, Dalil Boubakeur en est persuad_. Le proc_s qui s’ouvre, mercredi 7 f_vrier, contre Charlie Hebdo, suite _ la publication par le journal des caricatures de dessinateurs danois mettant en sc_ne le proph_te Mahomet en est une illustration : la Grande Mosqu_e de Paris et l’Union des organisations islamiques de France (UOIF) ont d_pos_ une plainte contre le magazine fran_ais pour ” injure publique _ l’_gard d’un groupe de personnes _ raison de leur religion “. Pour M. Boubakeur, cette d_cision s’inscrit dans une strat_gie assum_e de mise en place de garde-fou, afin de ” prot_ger les musulmans des abus insultants “. Il _voque _ cet _gard les pratiques mises en oeuvre par la ” Licra – Ligue contre le racisme et l’antis_mitisme et les organisations repr_sentatives de la communaut_ juive ” qui, ” depuis des ann_es attaquent syst_matiquement ” les propos antis_mites ou racistes. Ce parall_le est contest_ par Michel Zaoui, avocat, membre de la commission juridique de la Licra et du bureau du Conseil repr_sentatif des institutions juives de France (CRIF). ” M. Boubakeur commet une confusion absolue, dit-il, la Licra ou une organisation juive n’a jamais poursuivi en justice une action ou un dessin relevant du blasph_me ou tournant la religion en d_rision. Au nom de la la_cit_, il faut faire la distinction entre la religion et ceux qui la pratiquent. Aussi p_nible que cela puisse _tre pour les croyants, on doit pouvoir dire ce que l’on veut de la religion. Or, dans les caricatures – sur Mahomet – , la religion est vis_e, pas les musulmans. ” CONFUSION ” Nous ne r_clamons pas le r_tablissement du d_lit de blasph_me, insiste Me Chems-Eddine Hafiz, avocat de la Mosqu_e de Paris. Mais nous estimons qu’avec la publication des caricatures, Charlie Hebdo a voulu cr_er la confusion entre islam et terrorisme. Ce proc_s est l’occasion de mener un effort de p_dagogie et d’afficher notre volont_ de r_agir d_s qu’il est port_ atteinte _ la dignit_ des musulmans. Nous poussons les organisations musulmanes _ agir en justice d_s qu’elles se sentent l_s_es. ” La d_cision des organisations musulmanes s’inscrit dans un contexte plus g_n_ral de recours judiciaires li_s _ des affaires religieuses. ” Alors que l’on constate au niveau europ_en une souplesse de plus en plus grande des tribunaux en mati_re de libert_ d’expression, souligne Me Zaoui, la France demeure en retrait en ce qui concerne le fait religieux. Et l’on peut craindre une frilosit_ des d_cisions rendues au nom de la “paix sociale”. ” En avril 2005, la cour d’appel de Paris avait confirm_ l’interdiction d’une affiche publicitaire s’inspirant de la C_ne, au motif qu’elle constituait ” un acte d’intrusion agressive et gratuite dans le tr_fonds des croyances intimes “. Cette d_cision a finalement _t_ cass_e par la Cour de cassation en novembre 2006.

The Grand Mosque of Paris brings suit against « Charlie Hebdo »

Can the French justice system guarantee the “defense of the dignity of the Muslim religion”? The president of the French Council for the Muslim Religion (CFCM) thinks so. The CFCM president is Dalil Boubakeur, who is also rector of the Grand Mosque of Paris. One illustration, he says, is the court case which begins Wednesday, February 7 against “Charlie Hebdo”, following the magazine’s publication of the Danish artists’ caricatures of the prophet Muhammad. The Grand Mosque and the Union of Islamic Organizations of France (UOIF) made a complaint against the French magazine for “public injury to the dignity of a group of people on account of their religion.”

French Weekly Prints Prophet Drawing, Free Press Plea

A French satirical weekly published a new cartoon of the prophet Muhammad on its cover, as a French Muslim group condemned the violence that Danish caricatures sparked in Muslim countries. The wave of protests, “orchestrated four months after the facts, aims at caging all freedom of thought by artists and intellectuals,” Tewfik Allal, of the Association of the Freedom Manifesto, a Muslim organization, wrote in the weekly Charlie Hebdo. “Other communities — Jews, Christians — have felt insulted by this or that text, drawing or thought, but they reacted by going to court.” Charlie Hebdo, on the inside pages of today’s issue, also published the 12 Danish cartoons, first carried by Jyllands- Posten in September, joining newspapers in a number of countries that have printed them in the name of free speech. French President Jacques Chirac, speaking to the weekly cabinet meeting after Charlie Hebdo went on sale, said “freedom of expression should be used responsibly,” government spokesman Jean-Francois Cope told reporters. “Anything that can harm convictions of faith, in particular religious convictions, should be avoided,” Cope cited Chirac as saying. Chirac criticized “all manifest provocations that are liable to dangerously arouse passions. He condemned equally all types of violent” reactions. The Danish cartoons have been published in countries including Austria, Germany, Hungary, Italy and Switzerland. `Right to Caricature’ The French newspaper France Soir published the 12 cartoons on Feb. 1, with a headline that claimed “the right to caricature God.” The newspaper’s editor, Jacques Lefranc, was dismissed the following day by France Soir’s publisher, Egyptian-born Raymond Lakah, a Christian. MRAP, one of France’s biggest anti-racism associations, is suing France Soir for the publication of one cartoon, a depiction of Muhammad wearing a turban in the shape of a bomb, MRAP’s president, Mouloud Aounit, said by telephone. MRAP hasn’t yet taken any action against Charlie Hebdo, he said. The cartoon’s “manifest intention is to provoke, hurt, humiliate, stigmatize, and participate deliberately in the racist amalgam between Muslims and terrorists,” Aounit said. Because visual representation of Muhammad is considered blasphemy by Muslims, the cartoons sparked the anger of believers. Danish Boycott In countries including Kuwait and Saudi Arabia, Muslims are boycotting Danish goods, and, in the Gaza Strip, Palestinian militants threatened to kidnap Westerners if governments don’t apologize for the actions of newspapers in their countries. Iran cut trade relations with Denmark when President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad on Feb. 4 issued a decree calling on the Trade Ministry to terminate economic agreements with all Western countries where the cartoons were published. The protests prompted United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan to call on Muslims to refrain from violence on Feb. 6, after crowds set fire to the Danish consulate in Beirut, and after the Danish and Norwegian embassies in Syria’s capital, Damascus, were attacked.