Caricatures : les organisations musulmanes hésitent à lancer des poursuites systématiques

Les tribunaux ne leur ont jamais donn_ gain de cause mais ces revers n’entament pas ” la confiance ” des organisations musulmanes fran_aises dans la justice de leur pays. Elles l’ont r_p_t_ _ la veille du proc_s contre Charlie Hebdo, mercredi 7 f_vrier, devant la 17e chambre du tribunal correctionnel de Paris. La Grande Mosqu_e de Paris, l’Union des organisations islamiques de France (UOIF) et la Ligue islamique mondiale ont port_ plainte contre l’hebdomadaire, apr_s la publication des caricatures danoises mettant en sc_ne le proph_te Mahomet, en f_vrier 2006. A la veille de la sortie de l’hebdomadaire, elles avaient tent_ d’emp_cher par r_f_r_ sa parution. En vain. Leur dernier d_boire judiciaire remontait _ 2002. Les organisations musulmanes et la Ligue des droits de l’homme poursuivaient, pour ” incitations _ la haine “, l’_crivain Michel Houellebecq. Dans des entretiens accord_s au mensuel Lire et au Figaro Magazine, _ l’occasion de la parution de son livre Plateforme, il d_clarait notamment : ” La religion la plus con, c’est quand m_me l’islam. Quand on lit le Coran, on est effondr_. ” Les plaignants avaient _t_ d_bout_s en premi_re instance et avaient renonc_ _ faire appel. Dans l’affaire des caricatures danoises, les organisations musulmanes ont choisi d’attaquer exclusivement Charlie Hebdo et non pas France Soir, premier quotidien en France _ avoir publi_ les dessins. ” […]

Les musulmans en France: Courants, institutions, communautés: un état des lieux

Ce précis de l’islam en France se distingue par son approche sociologique et clairement dépassionnée. Dans un souci permanent d’objectivité, Bernard Godard et Sylvie Taussig ont cherché à comprendre qui sont les millions d’hommes et de femmes, partageant le quotidien de tous les Français, qui appartiennent à cette religion, volontairement ou non, plus ou moins activement, voire passivement ou de manière ouvertement critique. Menée à partir de statistiques officielles, cette enquête à la fois exhaustive et serrée permet d’appréhender non pas un islam, mais tous les islams de France qui se font face, s’épaulent ou se concurrencent. Ce livre est une radioscopie étonnante, qui surprendra par sa richesse humaine, la diversité de ses courants, mais aussi de ses oppositions internes, souvent tranchées. On saisit à quel point l’islam n’est pas le même selon les communautés (algérienne, marocaine, tunisienne, etc.), ni selon les orientations (sunnite ou chiite). On vérifie toutes les nuances qui opposent, par exemple, les musulmans originaires de Turquie à ceux qui viennent d’Asie, de même que l’on suit les débats opposant les réformistes aux fondamentalistes, les laïcs aux convertis, mais aussi tous les mouvements marginaux, qui seront peut-être majoritaires demain. Enfin, on voit se dessiner, région par région, une carte de France avec des forces nouvelles, entre éthique, business et traditionalisme. Sans se substituer aux autorités politiques ou religieuses, les auteurs posent aussi toutes les questions sur la viabilité des rapports entre islam et république. Quel financement pour les lieux de culte ? Quelle formation pour les imams ? Qui détient l’autorité religieuse ? Autant de questions qui engagent, au-delà de la communauté musulmane, l’avenir de tout notre pays (Courtesy of Robert Laffont).

Religious authorities from Lyon against gay marriage

The Archbishop of Lyon, cardinal Philippe Barbarin, and representants of the Muslim, Jewish, Protestant, Orthodox and Armenian cults signed a text that asserts the sustainable nature of the marriage: “it is important to have clear ideas about this key-point of reference for humanity. Experiences show that we pay the price for the destruction of nature. We don’t have to destroy humanity anymore, which is at the heart of the creation”. ‘ As for adoption, signatories denouce the lie that remains in the assertment that “it is indifferent for a child to grow up with or without a father or a mother”. ‘ ‘ This document constitutes the first interreligious declaration on this matter.

The “Charlie Hebdo” trial begins in Paris

The trial of satirical weekly “Charlie Hebdo” began Wednesday, February 7. The paper was sued by several Muslim organizations for having published the infamous Danish caricatures of the prophet Mohammed in February 2006. According to the plaintiffs, the paper committed “a deliberate act of aggression intended to insult Muslims”. The suit was brought against two of Charlie Hebdo’s twelve cartoonists. The defense attorneys have called Francois Bayrou and Francois Hollande as witnesses.

Le procès de “Charlie Hebdo” s’est ouvert à Paris

Le proc_s visant l’hebdomadaire satirique Charlie Hebdo, poursuivi pour avoir publi_ des caricatures de Mahomet en f_vrier 2006, s’est ouvert mercredi 7 f_vrier au tribunal de grande instance de Paris. Selon les plaignants, l’Union des organisations islamiques de France, la Grande Mosqu_e de Paris et la Ligue islamique mondiale, l’hebdomadaire, en publiant ces caricatures danoises, a commis “un acte d_lib_r_ d’agression visant _ heurter” les musulmans. L’action a _t_ engag_e contre deux des douze caricaturistes de Charlie Hebdo et contre un dessin de “une” de Cabu. La d_fense de l’hebdomadaire a notamment fait citer comme t_moins Fran_ois Bayrou et Fran_ois Hollande.

A Creationist Turkish Atlas in Schools

It weighs several kilos, has the air of a children’s book, and has been sent in large numbers to French schools: an Islamic creationist apologetic, The Atlas of the Creation is an odd book. It is a sumptuous work. The Atlas of the Creation, edited last December in Turkey, is made up of 770 richly illustrated pages. Several thousand color photographs of animal fossils give the volume the appearance of a work of popular science designed for children. Over the past several days, hundreds of French educational establishments recieved 10,000 free copies of the book.

Jennifer Selby

Jennifer Selby

Project Responsibilities:

News for France and Canada, research, and some articles

Contact Info:

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies
Memorial University of Newfoundland
St. John’s, NL   A1C 5S7  Canada
jselby@mun.ca
http://www.ucs.mun.ca/~jselby/

 

Professional Positions: 

Current – Assistant Professor, Memorial University of Newfoundland
Former – Postdoctoral Fellow, Islam in the West Program, Harvard University

Areas of Expertise:

  • Islam in the West (France, Canada)
  • Method and Theory, Secularization Theory
  • Islam, Interpretations of Sharia
  • Women and Islam, Gender Studies

Select Publications:

Questioning French Secularism: Gender Politics and Muslim Women in a Parisian Banlieue. February 2012. Contemporary Anthropology of Religion Series. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Debating Sharia: Islam, Gender Politics and Family Law Arbitration. Spring 2012. Co-edited with Anna Korteweg. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

“French Secularism as a Guarantor of Women’s Rights? Islam and Gender Politics in a Parisian Banlieue.” 2011. Culture and Religion 12:4 (December): 1-22.

“Islam in France Reconfigured: Republican Islam in the 2010 Gerin Report.” 2011. The Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs  31:3 (September): 383-398.

Professional Bio:

Jennifer Selby currently teaches in the Department of Religious Studies at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.

Jocelyne Cesari

Jocelyne Cesari profile photoJocelyne Cesari, is an Associate at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies and Center for European Studies and teaches at the Harvard Divinity School and Government Department. Dr. Cesari is a French political scientist, tenured at the French National Center for Scientific Research in Paris and specializing in contemporary Islamic societies. Before coming to Harvard, she served as an Associate Research Scholar and Visiting Professor at Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs. At Harvard, she is Director of the interfaculty Islam in the West Program (see http://cmes.hmdc.harvard.edu/research/iw). This research program produced a major publication, the Encyclopedia of Islam in the United States, which was published by Greenwood Press in September of 2007. She also coordinates the new web-based initiative on contemporary Islamic thinking called islamopediaonline (www.islamopediaonline.org).
Her areas of expertise include Islam and globalization, Muslim minorities in Europe and America, and Islam and politics in North Africa. Over the course of her career, Dr. Cesari has published fifteen books and more than fifty articles in European and American journals. Her most recent books and articles are :Muslims in the West After 9/11: Religion, Politics and Law (2009, Routledge), “Islam in the West from Immigration to Global Islam”, Harvard Middle Eastern and Islamic Review, (8) 2009, pp.147-275, When Islam and Democracy Meet: Muslims in Europe and in the United States (Palgrave 2006) and European Muslims and the Secular State (Ashgate 2005).She has also received grants to write the reports “Islam and Fundamental Rights” and “The Religious Consequences of September 11, 2001, on Muslims in Europe” for the European Commission (see www.euro-islam.info).

The Grand Mosque of Paris brings suit against « Charlie Hebdo »

Can the French justice system guarantee the “defense of the dignity of the Muslim religion”? The president of the French Council for the Muslim Religion (CFCM) thinks so. The CFCM president is Dalil Boubakeur, who is also rector of the Grand Mosque of Paris. One illustration, he says, is the court case which begins Wednesday, February 7 against “Charlie Hebdo”, following the magazine’s publication of the Danish artists’ caricatures of the prophet Muhammad. The Grand Mosque and the Union of Islamic Organizations of France (UOIF) made a complaint against the French magazine for “public injury to the dignity of a group of people on account of their religion.”